Select Language

A Biblical Figure – Melchizedek

Psalms 110:4  The LORD has sworn and will not change his mind: “You are a priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek.”

In the book of Psalms, there was a priest who was proclaimed to be in the order¹ of Melchizedek. In all 66 books of the Bible, Melchizedek was mentioned only three times. Despite that, Melchizedek is one of the biblical figures who is closely related to our salvation. In the New Testament, the writer of the book of Hebrews even wrote that he had much to say about Melchizedek.

Hebrews 5:11-14  We have much to say about this, but it is hard to make it clear to you because you no longer try to understand. In fact, though by this time you ought to be teachers, you need someone to teach you the elementary truths of God’s word all over again. You need milk, not solid food! Anyone who lives on milk, being still an infant, is not acquainted with the teaching about righteousness. But solid food is for the mature, who by constant use have trained themselves to distinguish good from evil.

During the time of the early Church, Melchizedek was difficult to explain and understand. However, the time for the complete knowledge and understanding of Melchizedek has come. First, let us understand the origin of Melchizedek.


Melchizedek, a Priest of God.

Genesis 14:17-20  After Abram returned from defeating Kedorlaomer and the kings allied with him, the king of Sodom came out to meet him in the Valley of Shaveh (that is, the King’s Valley). Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. He was priest of God Most High, and he blessed Abram, saying, “Blessed be Abram by God Most High, Creator of heaven and earth. And praise be to God Most High, who delivered your enemies into your hand. Then Abram gave him a tenth of everything.

Melchizedek was a priest of God who appeared in the time of Abraham², and he brought out bread and wine to bless Abraham. Abraham then gave Melchizedek a tenth of everything in return.

In the Old Testament times, it was a common ritual for priests to slaughter animals and offer animals’ blood to God when bestowed blessings, sought for the forgiveness of sins or established a covenant. However, unlike other priests, Melchizedek blessed Abraham in the manner of bringing out bread and wine. This manner was different compared to the customs of those days.


The Reality of Melchizedek

The Old Testament is a shadow and the New Testament is its reality. The Old Testament has prophecies that are to be fulfilled in the New Testament (Hebrews 10:1). The priest, who blessed with bread and wine, in the order of Melchizedek, was also a prophecy to be fulfilled in the New Testament.

Matthew 26:17-19, 26-28  On the first day of the Festival of Unleavened Bread, the disciples came to Jesus and asked, “Where do you want us to make preparations for you to eat the Passover?” He replied, “Go into the city to a certain man and tell him, ‘The Teacher says: My appointed time is near. I am going to celebrate the Passover with my disciples at your house.’” So the disciples did as Jesus had directed them and prepared the Passover… While they were eating, Jesus took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to his disciples, saying, “Take and eat; this is my body.” Then he took a cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you. This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.

This was the scene of the Passover of the new covenant. Jesus brought out bread and wine to bless His disciples with the forgiveness of sins and eternal life (John 6:53-43). This was different from other priests who blessed in the manner of sacrificing animals (Mark 14:12). Jesus was the priest who blessed with bread and wine, in the order of Melchizedek and was its fulfilment in the New Testament.

Melchizedek who appeared in the Old Testament brought out bread and wine to bless Abraham with physical blessings. Jesus Christ who appeared in the New Testament as the spiritual Melchizedek, blessed us with eternal life through the bread and wine of the Passover feast. Let us confirm that Jesus is the reality of Melchizedek.

Hebrews 5:7-10  During the days of Jesus’ life on earth, he offered up prayers and petitions with fervent cries and tears to the one who could save him from death, and he was heard because of his reverent submission. Son though he was, he learned obedience from what he suffered and, once made perfect, he became the source of eternal salvation for all who obey him and was designated by God to be high priest in the order of Melchizedek.

The author of Hebrews understood that Jesus came as the high priest in the order of Melchizedek. Let’s take a deeper look into Melchizedek and find out why it was hard to explain about him.


The Mystery of Melchizedek

Hebrews 7:1-3  This Melchizedek was king of Salem and priest of God Most High. He met Abraham returning from the defeat of the kings and blessed him, and Abraham gave him a tenth of everything. First, the name Melchizedek means “king of righteousness”; then also, “king of Salem” means “king of peace. ”Without father or mother, without genealogy, without beginning of days or end of life, resembling the Son of God, he remains a priest forever. 

About two thousand years ago when Jesus came as the high priest in the order of Melchizedek, there were some prophetical points about Melchizedek that were not completely fulfilled by Jesus:

i) ‘Without father or mother’

The Bible indicates that Melchizedek was figuratively “without father or mother”. There is nobody on earth who is born without parents. Jesus explained that only those who do the will of God are figuratively regarded as parents or family members.

Matthew 12:46-50  While Jesus was still talking to the crowd, his mother and brothers stood outside, wanting to speak to him. Someone told him, “Your mother and brothers are standing outside, wanting to speak to you. ”He replied to him, “Who is my mother, and who are my brothers?” Pointing to his disciples, he said, “Here are my mother and my brothers. For whoever does the will of my Father in heaven is my brother and sister and mother.”

To be “without father or mother” means that Jesus must be born to parents who did not do the will of God; parents who did not believe in God. However, Jesus was born of Joseph and Mary who were believers. Thus, Jesus did not fulfil the prophetical point of being ‘without father or mother’.

ii) Without genealogy

There is nobody on earth who does not belong to a genealogy³. In the Bible, genealogy refers to the genealogy of Israel, more specifically that of Abraham. The genealogy of Jesus Christ can be found at the beginning of the book of Matthew.

Matthew 1:1-16  This is the genealogy of Jesus the Messiah the son of David, the son of Abraham: Abraham was the father of Isaac, Isaac the father of Jacob… Matthan the father of Jacob, and Jacob the father of Joseph, the husband of Mary, and Mary was the mother of Jesus who is called the Messiah.

Jesus belonged to the genealogy of Israel. However, Melchizedek is to be ‘without genealogy’. Thus, Jesus Christ did not fulfil the prophetical point of being ‘without genealogy’.

iii) ‘Without beginning of days or end of life’

There is nobody on earth without beginning of days or end of life except God who is the creator of all things. To be “without beginning of days or end of life” implies that the priest who comes in the order of Melchizedek must be God Himself. Jesus who came as the Christ is God Himself who brought out bread and wine and established the Passover for the forgiveness of sins.

However, he did not fulfil the prophetical points of being ‘without father or mother’ and ‘without genealogy’. This was why it was hard to explain Melchizedek in the time of the early church. The remaining prophetical points must be fulfilled. In order to fulfil all the prophecies of Melchizedek, Jesus is prophesied to come a second time.


The Second Coming of Jesus

Hebrews 9:28  so Christ was sacrificed once to take away the sins of many; and he will appear a second time, not to bear sin, but to bring salvation to those who are waiting for him.

The Bible prophesies that Christ will appear a second time. When He comes again, He must fulfil all the prophetical points about Melchizedek. He must be ‘without father or mother’ which means having parents who do not believe in God. He must be ‘without genealogy’ which means he must not be an Israelite. Lastly, he must bring out bread and wine to give blessings, namely, to establish the New Covenant Passover to bless mankind with eternal life. The one who fulfils these prophetical points is God Himself; ‘without beginning of days or end of life’.

The Passover of the new covenant which Jesus established was abolished in A.D. 325 (see Passover: Changed in History for more details). However, Christ Ahnsahnghong established and restored the Passover again in this age. The one who fulfilled the prophetical points of Melchizedek was Christ Ahnsahnghong.

Christ Ahnsahnghong was born in Korea and does not belong in the genealogy of Israel. He was also born in a family of unbelievers. Most distinctively, he came in the order of Melchizedek and brought the sign of Melchizedek — the bread and wine, namely, the Passover of the new covenant to bless mankind with the forgiveness of sins and eternal life.

Please receive the prophetical Melchizedek who appears in this last age! Please come to the World Mission Society Church of God to keep the New Covenant Passover established by Christ Ahnsahnghong, the prophetical Melchizedek!


Toggle Footnotes
1)   Order = a way in which a thing is done; an arrangement; a manner
2)   ‘Abram’ here is the former name of Abraham (Genesis 17:3-5).
3)   A line of descent traced continuously from an ancestor